The UCC, or Uniform Commercial Code, developed as an attempt to streamline business laws across different jurisdictions within the United States. The ten of the eleven Articles have been met with universal adoption.
The UCC was considered essential as a result of corporations engaging in interstate commerce more frequently throughout history. As interstate commerce proliferated, corporations complained about the fact that they were having to deal with what were sometimes radically different standards for completing a single commercial transaction.
Articles of the UCC
There are eleven Articles which comprise the Uniform Commercial Code. Article 1 of the UCC is known as the General Provisions of the UCC, and the other Articles are: Article 2, Sales; Article 2a, Leases; Article 3, Negotiable Instruments; Article 4, Bank Deposits; Article 4a, Funds Transfers; Article 5, Letters of Credit; Article 6, Bulk Transfers and Bulk Sales; Article 7, Warehouse Receipts, Bills of Lading and Other Documents of Title; Article 8, Investment Securities; and Article 9, Secured Transactions.
In 2003, Article 2 and Article 7 were modernized in a major revision, though the revisions to Article 2 have not been adopted by any states yet. Although Article 6 is considered obsolete by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws, it remains in effect in many jurisdictions.
Despite being present in one document, each Article of the UCC bears only the slightest connection to any other. Most Articles bear little relevance on the others. The exception is that each Article uses terms defined in Article 1, and Article 9 covers the paperwork required to support the intermediate Articles.