A contract is a legal document which may be enforceable by legal action or by binding arbitration. In order for this to be true, however, the contract agreement must meet several important requirements.
There must be a compensatory remedy for the contract under which the party which defaults is required to pay monetary compensation that would have otherwise been provided had the contract agreement been upheld, or an equitable remedy, which can also be called Specific Performance. The equitable remedy, or specific performance, compels an individual who enters into a contract agreement to carry out the action against which they have attempted to renege on their obligation.
In order for a contract to be valid, the contract must involve unqualified, or “mirror”, acceptance. In order for a contract agreement to be valid, all parties must have the capacity to contract, and the terms of the contract cannot be trifling, indeterminate, or impossible. In the eyes of the law, a contract cannot be entered into to compel illegal action.
Although a contract is usually written in order to compel action, a contract agreement can also be created which will prevent a person from performing an act which they have the legal capacity to perform.
If a contract agreement is breached, legal remedies may be provided to address that breach.
Contract law, the legal field that specializes in the legal disposition of contracts and contract agreements, generally adheres to the Latin motto “pacta sunt servana,” meaning “pacts [agreements] must be kept.”